On 12 March 2020 the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 2514 on the situation in South Sudan. Resolution 2514 extends the mandate of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) until 15 March 2021 . The resolution emphasizes that, “South Sudan’s government bears the primary responsibility to protect its populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity, and expressing concern that despite the signing of the Revitalised Agreement, violations including rape and sexual violence continue to occur which may amount to international crimes, including war crimes and crimes against humanity.” The resolution expresses grave concern that war crimes and crimes against humanity may have been committed and stresses the importance of preserving evidence for eventual use by accountability mechanisms. The resolution also recalls the Council’s “strong condemnation of all instances of attacks against civilians, including those involving violence against women, children, and persons in vulnerable situations, ethnically targeted violence, hate speech, and incitements to violence, and further expressing deep concern at the possibility that what began as a political conflict could continue to transform into an outright ethnic war, as noted by the Special Advisor for the Prevention of Genocide Adama Dieng,” and mandates UNMISS to work with his office to report on incidences of hate speech and incitement.
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