Populations At Risk

The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect applies an atrocity prevention lens to situations where populations are experiencing, or are at risk of, genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity or ethnic cleansing. For each population at risk we provide a background on the situation, an analysis of the factors putting populations at risk of mass atrocities, a timeline of the international response and a set of recommended actions to protect populations and prevent further crimes.

R2P Monitor

R2P Monitor is a bimonthly bulletin applying the atrocity prevention lens to populations at risk of mass atrocities around the world. You can download the latest report or read the updates and analysis on each country below.

Current Crisis

China

The treatment of ethnic Uighurs and other Turkic Muslim minorities in China's Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region may amount to crimes against humanity.
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Yemen

War crimes are being committed in Yemen as pro-government forces and a regional military coalition fight against Houthi rebels who still control much of the country.
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Afghanistan

Populations in Afghanistan are at ongoing risk of mass atrocity crimes as the Taliban intensifies its armed conflict with the government. Other armed extremist groups are also increasing attacks on civilians.
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Myanmar (Burma)

Populations in Myanmar (Burma) face the threat of ongoing mass atrocity crimes.
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Syria

Populations continue to face mass atrocity crimes committed by various state forces and non-state armed groups in Syria's ongoing conflict.
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Eritrea

Civilians in Eritrea are suffering from systematic and widespread violations of human rights that amount to crimes against humanity.
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Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Crimes against humanity continue to be committed by state authorities against North Korean civilians.
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Imminent Risk

Burkina Faso

Populations in Mali and Burkina Faso face an imminent risk of potential atrocity crimes as a result of attacks by armed Islamist groups, as well as growing conflict between ethnic militias and community "self-defense groups."
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Cameroon

There is an imminent risk of mass atrocity crimes due to widespread violence between government forces and armed separatists in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon. The armed extremist group Boko Haram also poses an ongoing threat.
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Mali

Populations in Mali and Burkina Faso face an imminent risk of potential atrocity crimes as a result of attacks by armed Islamist groups, as well as growing conflict between ethnic militias and community "self-defense groups."
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Democratic Republic of the Congo

Populations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continue to face the threat of further mass atrocity crimes committed by various armed groups.
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Serious Concern

Nigeria

Increased attacks by Boko Haram and inter-communal violence in Nigeria's "Middle Belt" region leave civilians at risk of mass atrocity crimes.
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Libya

Civilians in Libya face possible war crimes as a result of ongoing fighting between rival armed groups and competing governmental authorities.
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Sudan

The potential for recurrent political instability and violence against civilians committed by Sudanese security forces and affiliated militias leaves civilians at risk of atrocity crimes.
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South Sudan

Despite a September 2018 peace agreement, the risk of recurring armed conflict between government forces and armed rebel groups continues to pose a threat to civilians in South Sudan.
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Venezuela

Ongoing state-led violence in Venezuela leaves populations at risk of potential crimes against humanity.
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Iraq

Ongoing violations of international law by various armed forces and non-state armed groups threaten civilians in Iraq.
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Central African Republic

Despite the February 2019 peace agreement, ongoing violence by armed groups leaves populations in the Central African Republic at risk of recurring mass atrocity crimes.
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Burundi

Severe repression and persecution of alleged government opponents leaves populations in Burundi at risk of crimes against humanity.
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Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories

Recurring armed conflict between Israel, Hamas and other Palestinian armed groups poses an ongoing threat to civilians in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
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Previously Studied

Central Africa (The Lord's Resistance Army)

For more than three decades, the Lord's Resistance Army has perpetrated mass atrocities against populations in the Central Africa.
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Guinea

Political and ethnic tensions in Guinea have previously left populations at risk of mass atrocity crimes.
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Nicaragua

The government of Nicaragua committed possible crimes against humanity during its response to mass protests between April and August 2018.
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Egypt

Amidst political unrest during 2013 Egyptian security forces perpetrated widespread abuses against civilians that may amount to crimes against humanity. ISIL has also threatened religious minorities throughout Egypt.
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Somalia

Al-Shabaab and various armed forces have perpetrated attacks against populations which may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity.
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Pakistan

Sectarian attacks in Pakistan have left civilians at risk of potential mass atrocity crimes.
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Kyrgyzstan

Between 10 June and 14 June 2010 at least 420 people were killed and 400,000 forcibly displaced during violence between ethnic Uzbeks and ethnic Kyrgyz in southern Kyrgyzstan.
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Sri Lanka

A lack of accountability for war crimes and other atrocities committed during Sri Lanka's long civil war continues to hamper reconstruction and reconciliation efforts.
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The Philippines

During the government's "war on drugs" the Philippines National Police and armed vigilantes perpetrated extrajudicial killings that may amount to crimes against humanity.
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Côte d'Ivoire

The November 2010 presidential elections in Côte d'Ivoire sparked a national crisis during which security forces and militias loyal to former President Laurent Gbagbo and newly-elected President Alassane Ouattara perpetrated atrocities targeting perceived ethnic and political enemies.
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Kenya

Post-election violence in 2007-2008 left 1,133 Kenyans dead and over 663,000 displaced, but led to state wide structural reforms to avoid a recurrence of violence during future elections.
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Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect

Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies
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