Populations At Risk

The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect applies an atrocity prevention lens to situations where populations are experiencing, or are at risk of, genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity or ethnic cleansing. For each population at risk we provide a background on the situation, an analysis of the factors putting populations at risk of mass atrocities, a timeline of the international response and a set of recommended actions to protect populations and prevent further crimes.

R2P Monitor

R2P Monitor is a quarterly publication applying the atrocity prevention lens to populations at risk of mass atrocities around the world. You can download the latest report or read the updates and analysis on each country below.

Current Crisis


Populations in Afghanistan are facing systematic human rights violations perpetrated by the Taliban de facto authorities. Other armed extremist groups also continue to pose a threat to civilians.
Continue Reading

Central Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger)

Recurrent and expanding violence perpetrated by armed Islamist groups, as well as security operations to confront them, threaten populations in the Central Sahel – Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger – with violations that may amount to crimes against humanity and war crimes.
Continue Reading


The Chinese government is committing possible crimes against humanity and genocide by systematically persecuting Uyghurs and other predominantly Muslim and/or Turkic groups.
Continue Reading

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

State authorities in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea continue to commit crimes against humanity.
Continue Reading

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Various armed groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo recurrently indiscriminately attack civilian populations and commit violations that may amount to crimes against humanity.
Continue Reading


Despite a peace agreement, populations in the Tigray region of Ethiopia continue to endure war crimes and crimes against humanity. Populations throughout the country also continue to be at risk due to inter-communal violence and clashes with government forces.
Continue Reading


Populations in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, are facing possible crimes against humanity due to widespread violence and abuses by armed gangs.
Continue Reading

Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory

Israeli forces have perpetrated likely atrocity crimes in Gaza and the Occupied West Bank, including possible war crimes, crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansing and genocide. Hamas and other Palestinian armed groups have also perpetrated likely atrocity crimes.
Continue Reading

Myanmar (Burma)

Populations in Myanmar are facing crimes against humanity and war crimes perpetrated by the military following the February 2021 coup.
Continue Reading


As part of a systematic attempt to silence critical voices, the government of Nicaragua is perpetrating widespread violations and abuses that may amount to crimes against humanity.
Continue Reading


Attacks by armed bandit groups, as well as continued violence by Boko Haram and the Islamic State in West Africa, leave civilians in Nigeria at risk of atrocity crimes.
Continue Reading


Populations in Sudan are enduring war crimes and crimes against humanity due to an armed confrontation between the Sudanese military and paramilitary forces. Non-Arab communities in Darfur are at risk of genocide as result of ethnically motivated killings.
Continue Reading


Populations in Syria continue to face war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by various state forces and non-state armed groups.
Continue Reading


Russian forces have perpetrated possible war crimes and crimes against humanity since their invasion of Ukraine. Ukrainian forces have also committed potential war crimes.
Continue Reading


Ongoing state-led repression and systematic human rights violations in Venezuela may amount to crimes against humanity.
Continue Reading
Imminent Risk


Civilians in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon face atrocity crimes due to widespread violence between government forces and armed separatists. Armed extremist groups also pose an ongoing threat in the Far North region.
Continue Reading

Central African Republic

Populations in the Central African Republic are at risk of possible atrocity crimes due to ongoing violence by armed groups and government and allied forces.
Continue Reading

South Sudan

Ongoing localized and inter-communal violence, as well as political infighting, pose a pervasive threat to civilians in South Sudan.
Continue Reading


Despite a significant decrease in hostilities, populations in Yemen remain at imminent risk of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Continue Reading


Civilians in Eritrea continue to face the threat of systematic and widespread violations of human rights that may amount to crimes against humanity. Eritrean armed forces have also been accused of potential war crimes and crimes against humanity in neighboring Ethiopia.
Continue Reading
Previously Studied


During their armed insurgency the extremist group “Al-Shabaab” perpetrated likely atrocity crimes against populations in the Cabo Delgado region of Mozambique.
Continue Reading

Nagorno-Karabakh (Armenia/Azerbaijan)

The ongoing blockade of the Lachin corridor by Azerbaijani authorities threatens populations in Nagorno-Karabakh with violations that may constitute war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Continue Reading


The government in Burundi must address structural risk factors for mass atrocities, including ending state-led repression, persecution and impunity for past atrocities.
Continue Reading

Central Africa (The Lord's Resistance Army)

For more than three decades, the Lord's Resistance Army has perpetrated mass atrocities against populations in Central Africa.
Continue Reading

Côte d'Ivoire

Increased hate speech and political instability following the October 2020 presidential elections in Côte d’Ivoire leaves populations at risk of inter-communal violence and potential atrocities.
Continue Reading


Amidst political unrest during 2013 Egyptian security forces perpetrated widespread abuses against civilians that may amount to crimes against humanity. ISIL has also threatened religious minorities throughout Egypt.
Continue Reading


Political and ethnic tensions in Guinea have previously left populations at risk of mass atrocity crimes.
Continue Reading


Populations in Iraq suffered mass atrocities and violations of international law by various armed forces and non-state armed groups in the context of mass protests during 2019 and a 2014-2017 conflict.
Continue Reading


Post-election violence in 2007-2008 left 1,133 Kenyans dead and over 663,000 displaced, but led to state wide structural reforms to avoid a recurrence of violence during future elections.
Continue Reading


Between 10 June and 14 June 2010 at least 420 people were killed and 400,000 forcibly displaced during violence between ethnic Uzbeks and ethnic Kyrgyz in southern Kyrgyzstan.
Continue Reading


Civilians in Libya faced war crimes and crimes against humanity as a result of fighting between rival armed groups and competing governmental authorities from 2011-2020.
Continue Reading


Sectarian attacks in Pakistan have periodically left civilians at risk of potential mass atrocity crimes.
Continue Reading

The Philippines

During the Philippine government’s “war on drugs” the national police and armed vigilantes perpetrated extrajudicial killings that may amount to crimes against humanity.
Continue Reading


Al-Shabaab and various armed forces have perpetrated attacks against populations in Somalia which may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Continue Reading

Sri Lanka

A lack of accountability for war crimes and other atrocities committed during Sri Lanka's long civil war continues to hamper reconstruction and reconciliation efforts.
Continue Reading


Sign up for our newsletter and stay up to date on R2P news and alerts

Follow us on social media


Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect

Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies
The Graduate Center, CUNY
365 Fifth Avenue, Suite 5203
New York, NY 10016-4309, USA

Phone: +1 212-817-1929 | info@globalr2p.org
R2P Resources & Statements