Populations At Risk

The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect applies an atrocity prevention lens to situations where populations are experiencing, or are at risk of, genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity or ethnic cleansing. For each population at risk we provide a background on the situation, an analysis of the factors putting populations at risk of mass atrocities, a timeline of the international response and a set of recommended actions to protect populations and prevent further crimes.

R2P Monitor

R2P Monitor is a bimonthly bulletin applying the atrocity prevention lens to populations at risk of mass atrocities around the world. You can download the latest report or read the updates and analysis on each country below.

Current Crisis

Afghanistan

Populations in Afghanistan are at ongoing risk of mass atrocity crimes as the Taliban continues its armed conflict with the government. Other armed extremist groups are also increasing their attacks on civilians.
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Burkina Faso

Populations in Mali and Burkina Faso face potential atrocity crimes as a result of attacks by Islamist armed groups and state security forces, as well as growing conflict between ethnic militias and community “self-defense groups.”
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Cameroon

Civilians in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon continue to face mass atrocity crimes due to widespread violence between government forces and armed separatists. The armed extremist group Boko Haram also poses an ongoing threat.
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China

The treatment of ethnic Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities in China may amount to crimes against humanity and genocide.
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Democratic Republic of the Congo

Various armed groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continue to perpetrate crimes against humanity, resulting in the largest displacement crisis in Africa.
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Mali

Populations in Mali and Burkina Faso face potential atrocity crimes as a result of attacks by Islamist armed groups and state security forces, as well as growing conflict between ethnic militias and community “self-defense groups.”
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Myanmar (Burma)

Populations in Myanmar face atrocity crimes perpetrated by the security forces and as a result of discriminatory laws and policies.
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Syria

Populations continue to face war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by various state forces and non-state armed groups in Syria's ongoing conflict.
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Venezuela

Ongoing state-sanctioned persecution and violence against perceived political opponents in Venezuela may amount to crimes against humanity.
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Yemen

War crimes are being committed in Yemen as pro-government forces and a regional military coalition fight against Houthi rebels who still control much of the country.
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Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Crimes against humanity continue to be committed by state authorities against North Korean civilians.
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Imminent Risk

Central African Republic

Despite the February 2019 peace agreement, ongoing violence by armed groups leaves populations in the Central African Republic at risk of recurring mass atrocity crimes.
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Ethiopia

Populations in Ethiopia are at imminent risk of mass atrocities as the war between the federal government and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front escalates.
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Mozambique

Attacks by armed extremists and abuses perpetrated by security forces leave populations in Mozambique at imminent risk of mass atrocity crimes.
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Serious Concern

Côte d'Ivoire

Increased hate speech and political instability following the October 2020 presidential elections in Côte d’Ivoire leaves populations at risk of inter-communal violence and potential atrocities.
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Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories

Widespread human rights violations and abuses, and recurring armed conflict between Israel, Hamas and other Palestinian armed groups, poses an ongoing threat to civilians in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
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Libya

Civilians in Libya face possible war crimes as a result of ongoing fighting between rival armed groups and competing governmental authorities.
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Nagorno-Karabakh (Armenia/Azerbaijan)

Despite a recent ceasefire, tensions between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh region leaves civilians at risk of potential atrocities.
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Nigeria

Increased attacks by Boko Haram and inter-communal violence in Nigeria's "Middle Belt" region leave civilians at risk of mass atrocity crimes.
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South Sudan

Despite the formation of a Transitional Government of National Unity, the risk of recurring armed conflict between government forces and armed rebel groups, and increased inter-communal violence, poses a threat to civilians in South Sudan.
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Eritrea

Civilians in Eritrea are suffering from systematic and widespread violations of human rights that amount to crimes against humanity.
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Previously Studied

Sudan

The formation of a transitional government and the signing of a historic peace deal in Sudan reduces the threat of mass atrocities. 
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Burundi

The new government in Burundi must address structural risk factors for mass atrocities, including ending state-led repression and persecution.
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Iraq

Populations in Iraq suffered mass atrocities and violations of international law by various armed forces and non-state armed groups in the context of mass protests during 2019 and a 2014-2017 conflict.
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The Philippines

During the government's "war on drugs" the Philippines National Police and armed vigilantes perpetrated extrajudicial killings that may amount to crimes against humanity.
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Central Africa (The Lord's Resistance Army)

For more than three decades, the Lord's Resistance Army has perpetrated mass atrocities against populations in the Central Africa.
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Guinea

Political and ethnic tensions in Guinea have previously left populations at risk of mass atrocity crimes.
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Nicaragua

The government of Nicaragua committed possible crimes against humanity during its response to mass protests between April and August 2018.
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Egypt

Amidst political unrest during 2013 Egyptian security forces perpetrated widespread abuses against civilians that may amount to crimes against humanity. ISIL has also threatened religious minorities throughout Egypt.
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Somalia

Al-Shabaab and various armed forces have perpetrated attacks against populations which may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity.
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Pakistan

Sectarian attacks in Pakistan have left civilians at risk of potential mass atrocity crimes.
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Kyrgyzstan

Between 10 June and 14 June 2010 at least 420 people were killed and 400,000 forcibly displaced during violence between ethnic Uzbeks and ethnic Kyrgyz in southern Kyrgyzstan.
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Sri Lanka

A lack of accountability for war crimes and other atrocities committed during Sri Lanka's long civil war continues to hamper reconstruction and reconciliation efforts.
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Kenya

Post-election violence in 2007-2008 left 1,133 Kenyans dead and over 663,000 displaced, but led to state wide structural reforms to avoid a recurrence of violence during future elections.
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Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect

Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies
The Graduate Center, CUNY
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