Expressing its deepest concern of the recent findings of the CoI on the Syrian Arab Republic that the situation of human rights has worsened for many Syrians over the past year, the HRC reaffirmed the importance of establishing and supporting appropriate processes and mechanisms to achieve justice, reconciliation, truth and accountability for violations and abuses of international law. The HRC demanded all parties to immediately cease torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, including sexual and gender-based violence, in places of detention, and to cease the use of involuntary or enforced disappearance or kidnappings. The HRC demanded that all parties desist immediately from any use of chemical weapons. The resolution also demanded that “the Syrian authorities meet their responsibility to protect the Syrian population” and expressed grave concern about the tens of thousands of missing and disappeared persons. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 23 in favor, 7 against and 17 abstentions.