On 23 July the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted Resolution 44/21 on the human rights situation in Syria. The HRC deplored the military offensive in Idlib province and surrounding areas and noted the recent findings of the Commission of Inquiry (CoI) that war crimes and crimes against humanity may have been committed during the offensive. The HRC strongly condemned continued enforced disappearances and arbitrary detentions, which are widespread in areas where the Syrian government has retaken control. The HRC demanded that the Syrian authorities and their allies facilitate – and that all other parties to the conflict do not hinder – full, timely, immediate, unrestricted and safe humanitarian access. The HRC regretted the further reduction in approved crossing points for cross-border humanitarian aid and urged the Syrian authorities to significantly improve access to prevent further unnecessary suffering and loss of life. The HRC requested the CoI prepare a report on arbitrary imprisonment and detention in Syria, to be presented to the HRC at its 46th session. The resolution demanded that “the Syrian authorities meet their responsibility to protect the Syrian population” and was adopted by a vote of 28 in favor, 2 against and 17 abstentions.