On 24 July the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) passed Resolution 44/14 entitled “Fifteenth anniversary of the responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity, as enshrined in the World Summit Outcome of 2005.” The HRC recalled the 2005 World Summit Outcome on its 15th anniversary, especially paragraphs 138 and 139 on the responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. The HRC reiterated the responsibility of each state to protect its population and that the international community should, as appropriate, encourage and help states to exercise this responsibility and support the UN in establishing an early warning capability. The HRC further recognized the important contribution of the UN human rights system to efforts in addressing situations in which genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity could be committed. The HRC decided to convene an inter-sessional panel discussion to mark the 15th anniversary of R2P to exchange best practices on strengthening national policies and strategies to implement R2P. The HRC further requested Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to liaise with states, the Secretary-General’s Special Adviser on R2P, treaty bodies, special procedures, regional human rights mechanisms and the Global Network of R2P Focal Points, as well as with civil society, to ensure their participation in the panel discussion. The HRC also requested OHCHR to prepare a summary report on the panel discussion and to submit it to the HRC at its 48th session and to the General Assembly. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 32 in favor, 1 against and 14 abstentions.
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Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies
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