Today, 9 June 2022, the UN General Assembly elected Ecuador, Japan, Malta, Mozambique and Switzerland to the UN Security Council for the period of 2023-2024. With their election, 8 of the 15 members of the Council in 2023 will be “Friends of the Responsibility to Protect” – having appointed an R2P Focal Point and/or joined the Group of Friends of R2P in New York and Geneva. Malta and Switzerland co-sponsored and voted for UN General Assembly Resolution 75/277 on R2P. Japan and Ecuador also voted in favor of the resolution while Mozambique did not participate in the vote, but supported the resolution via a joint statement by the Group of Friends of R2P.
Despite its role as the UN body responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security, all too often the Security Council has been unable to take timely action on mass atrocity situations due to deep political divisions. In recent years this has had a debilitating effect on the Council’s capacity to respond to atrocities in Myanmar (Burma), Syria, Yemen, Ethiopia and elsewhere. It is therefore more important than ever for Council members to work in creative ways to ensure that the international community is able to take timely, practical action to prevent atrocities and protect vulnerable populations.
Since 2005 the Security Council has adopted 87 resolutions and 14 presidential statements that refer to the Responsibility to Protect, including with regard to situations in the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Syria and eight other country situations, as well as a number of thematic issue areas. It is our hope that the Security Council will consistently uphold their commitment to R2P by taking decisive action to avert emerging crises and halt atrocities wherever they are threatened.
To this end, the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect encourages all Security Council members to:
The Global Centre has compiled basic profiles on each of the newly elected Security Council members providing an overview of their engagement with R2P and other issues related to the prevention of mass atrocities. Profiles are available in the click-able document below and as a PDF download.