In its first resolution on the situation in Tigray, Ethiopia, the HRC expressed deep concern about the human rights situation since the outbreak of armed conflict last November. The HRC was particularly disturbed by allegations of human rights violations and abuses and violations of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and refugee law, as well as reports indicating the participation of Eritrean troops in the conflict. The HRC also expressed concern about the deteriorating humanitarian situation in the Tigray region, including potential famine conditions, as well as about ongoing insecurity hampering humanitarian access. The HRC called for the swift and verifiable withdrawal of all Eritrean troops from Tigray and underscored the need to hold accountable all those responsible for human rights violations and abuses and violations of IHL. The HRC welcomed the joint investigation undertaken by OHCHR and the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC) and requested that OHCHR, in consultation with the government of Ethiopia, provide advice and technical assistance in order to strengthen the capacity of the EHRC, as well as the criminal justice system and broader accountability and reconciliation processes. The HRC also requested the High Commissioner for Human Rights present an oral update at the Council’s 48th session during an enhanced interactive dialogue and at its 49th session during an interactive dialogue. The resolution reiterated “the responsibility of states (…) to protect their populations, in line with their commitments under international human rights law and international humanitarian law.”
The resolution was adopted by a vote of 20 in favor, 14 against and 13 abstentions.