Strongly condemning all human rights violations and abuses against civilians in the Central African Republic (CAR), the HRC called upon the government, political and religious leaders and civil society to prevent incitement to violence, including on ethnic and religious grounds. The HRC encouraged the government of CAR to continue its cooperation with the Special Prosecutor of the Special Criminal Court to ensure that those responsible for international crimes, regardless of their status or affiliation, are identified and brought to justice. The Council renewed the mandate of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in CAR for one year and requested the Independent Expert provide an oral update at its 50th session and to submit a written report at its 51st session. The HRC further decided to organize a high-level interactive dialogue at its 49th session to assess the human rights situation, particularly the reconciliation process and guarantees of non-repetition. The resolution also recalled that “the authorities of the Central African Republic have the primary responsibility to protect all populations in the country from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.” The resolution was adopted without a vote.