The fifth report of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General on the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) focuses on Pillar I measures to strengthen national capacity to prevent genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.1 The report identifies an array of structural and operational measures to invigorate national mass atrocity prevention efforts, thereby reducing the need for coercive action under Pillar III. The report also identifies six significant contributing risk factors for mass atrocity crimes.
The Secretary-General produced the report following an extensive consultation process that included written submissions from 27 Member States, 1 regional organization and 27 civil society organizations as well as regional consultation meetings with more than 120 Member States. This briefing paper provides a summary of the report, focusing on risk factors and policy options for mass atrocity prevention.
The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect would like to highlight the following key points from the report:
The full summary is available for download below.