11 Jul 2014
Fulfilling our collective responsibility: international assistance and the responsibility to protect, 2014

The present report outlines the ways in which national, regional and international actors can assist States in fulfilling their responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. It responds to the decision by the General Assembly in its resolution 63/308 to continue consideration of the responsibility to protect, in the light of its endorsement by States in paragraphs 138 to 140 of the 2005 World Summit Outcome. It also draws on the first report of the Secretary-General, in 2009, on implementing the responsibility to protect (A/63/677), which established the three pillar framework for the responsibilities enshrined in the principle.

The present report, which focuses on pillar II, begins by recalling the nature and dynamics of the atrocity crimes outlined in the World Summit Outcome. It goes on to identify the approach and principles that should guide efforts to assist States in the fulfillment of their protection responsibilities, and the various actors that could contribute to the responsibility to assist. The core section elaborates on three main forms of pillar II support, namely, encouragement, capacity-building and protection assistance, and provides examples of good national, regional and international practice. The report concludes by identifying challenges to the implementation of pillar II of the responsibility to protect and provides concrete recommendations on how this important agenda may be advanced. It also sets out possible next steps for Member States to continue considering the responsibility to protect, given the upcoming 10-year anniversary of the 2005 World Summit.