23 Sep 2011
4th Annual Ministerial Meeting, 23 September 2011

On 23 September 2011, the Global Centre held its fourth R2P Ministerial Meeting on R2P during the opening of the 66th General Assembly session. This annual Ministerial Meeting was attended by the United Nations Secretary-General, H.E. Mr. Ban Ki-Moon, and participants from 25 countries, including 10 at the ministerial level. In all there were 10 representatives from Europe; 6 from Latin America; 2 from Africa; 1 from Asia; and 3 from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Notable this year was the number of "new voices", including increased representation from Latin America and the MENA region. The Global Centre co-hosted the Ministerial Meeting with the Foreign Ministers of the Netherlands and Guatemala.

The discussion addressed the topic of "The Responsibility to Protect: Responding to Imminent Threats of Mass Atrocity." There was no retreat from the R2P norm, despite recognition of the ongoing need for clarification and discussion regarding "operationalizing the norm" within national, regional and international institutions. A number of participants suggested the need for further research on targeted sanctions; on a military doctrine for intervention, including the notion of "responsibility while protecting"; and especially upon developing non-coercive preventive capacities. Overall, participants viewed ongoing debate as playing an essential role in strengthening the R2P norm and clarifying its applicability to specific situations.