The Regional Forum for Latin America and the Caribbean on the Responsibility to Protect was held in Mexico City on 26 and 27 February 2009.
This regional forum was the first of its kind following the release of the January 2009 report of the UN Secretary-General (SG) on the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). Government representatives from twenty-four Latin American countries and missions to the United Nations were joined by NGOs and academics from the region. The discussion highlighted that the principles of the Responsibility to Protect signified a substantial development in human rights, touched on challenges to the acceptance and practice of R2P, and provided input into how a debate of the UN General Assembly should go forward.
Many participants warmly welcomed the SG's report. The description of R2P as relating to "four crimes and three pillars" was widely accepted as an appropriate framework for defining the Responsibility to Protect. Some participants sought clarity about how to practically advance an agenda that focuses both on long-term capacity building and urgent responses.
Representatives from the Governments of: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Granada, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Nicaragua, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.
Representatives of academia and civil society from: CIDE, El Colegio de México, Fundaciόn Ungo, Ford Foundation, Fundación por la Libertad de Expresión, IEPADES, ITAM, Justicia Viva, Security Council Report, Stanley Foundation, Universidad Diego Portales, Universidad di Tella, United Nations University.