18 Oct 2012
UN General Assembly Informal Interactive Dialogue on the "Responsibility While Protecting," 2012

Hosted by the Permanent Mission of Brazil to the United Nations and chaired by Ambassador Antonio de Aguiar Patriota, Minister of External Relations

On 21 February 2012 a number of UN member states participated in an informal discussion on the Brazilian concept of "The Responsibility While Protecting." This concept was first articulated by Brazil's President, H.E. Dilma Roussef, in her opening address to the UN General Assembly in September 2011. On 9 November 2011 H.E. Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, Permanent Representative of Brazil to the UN, delivered a statement introducing a concept note entitled "Responsibility While Protecting: Elements for the Development and Promotion of a Concept" to the UN Security Council during a debate on the protection of civilians. The document focused upon three major issues: needing to improve the monitoring and assessment of UN Security Council sanctioned use of force; raising questions about the sequencing of R2P's three pillars; and stressing the need to exhaust all peaceful means before considering the use of force.

A number of member states spoke during the event. Interventions were delivered by 22 countries, 1 regional organization and 1 observer mission with the vast majority reaffirming their commitment of the 2005 World Summit Outcome and emphasizing the importance of prevention over military action. Many states spoke of the need to improve the existing working methods of the Security Council , notably in regards to the implementatino of mandates authorizing the use of force. Other important themes were discussed, including the possibility of holding an Arria Formula on the responsibility while protecting and the Secretary-General's upcoming report on Pillar 3. The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect was one of 3 NGOs who spoke at the event.

Official Statements

UN Officials

Francis Deng, Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide
Edward Luck, Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on the Responsibility to Protect

Member States

Costa Rica
South Africa
United Kingdom
United States

Regional Organizations

European Union
Observer Mission
Holy See

Civil Society Organizations

Simon Adams on behalf of Gareth Evans, Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
Sarah Holewinski, Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict (CIVIC)
Jose Miguel Vivanco, Human Rights Watch