On 12 July 2011, the UN General Assembly held its third informal interactive dialogue on the subject of the Responsibility to Protect. This dialogue followed the release of the Secretary-General's Report on 27 June 2011, "The Role of Regional and Sub-Regional Arrangements in Implementing the Responsibility to Protect."
Following presentations by 6 panelists, including the Secretary-General and his Special Advisers on the Prevention of Genocide and on the Responsibility to Protect, interventions were delivered by 43 member states, 3 regional organizations and 4 civil society representatives. Many member states welcomed the latest report of the Secretary-General and voiced their support for continued discussion of R2P within the General Assembly. Member states emphasized the preventive aspect of R2P and the importance of strengthening preventive tools and mechanisms such as early warning and mediation. The biggest challenge to R2P was considered to be cooperation with, and support between, the UN and regional bodies in times of crisis. Member states acknowledged the importance of resolving this challenge through the unique advantages regional organizations possess in preventing and reacting to mass atrocities. As the Caribbean Community and Common Market representative surmised, regional organizations have a "better understanding of the impulses driving the actors in the offending state, with more legitimacy and stake into its proposals for solutions." While Cuba, Venezuela and Pakistan continued to express strong objections to R2P, the majority of statements recognized that R2P had evolved from a controversial concept into a norm that had become an "operational reality."
At the forefront of the 2011 debate was the issue of implementing the third pillar of R2P, which calls for timely and decisive action by the international community in the face of mass atrocity crimes. Many member states stressed that use of force was a measure of last resort, and that a third pillar response should first include peaceful, economic and diplomatic means. A number of Member States suggested continuing discussions on the third pillar in the 2012 debate.
United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon
Special Adviser on the Responsibility to Protect, Dr. Edward Luck
Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide, Dr. Francis Deng
President of the General Assembly, Joseph Deiss (Français)
Costa Rica, on behalf of Costa Rica, Denmark and Ghana
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Korea, Republic of
(English and French)
Barbados, on behalf of CARICOM
Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect