11 Nov 2019
Q&A: The International Court of Justice & the Genocide of the Rohingya
In recognition of the World Day of International Justice, the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect and the Global Justice Center jointly released a briefing on "The International Court of Justice and the Genocide of the Rohingya." Between August and December 2017 the armed forces of Myanmar (Burma) committed a genocide against the Rohingya minority in Rakhine State, killing thousands, committing mass rape and causing more than 700,000 Rohingya civilians to flee across the border to Bangladesh.
Over the past year the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect and the Global Justice Center have been advocating for states to take meaningful steps towards ensuring accountability for the Rohingya, including through a potential case against Myanmar at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for breaches of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Following a resolution passed by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, during May The Gambia announced its intention to take such a case to the ICJ. The two organizations will continue to work together and with UN member states to ensure that those responsible for the genocide are held accountable under international law.
This fact sheet - jointly published by the GJC and GCR2P - examines current accountability efforts, including at the International Court of Justice and International Criminal Court and seeks to clarify available avenues for justice for the crimes committed against the Rohingya population, with a focus on state responsibility for genocide.
The fact sheet was updated on 11 November 2019 after The Gambia filed a case at the ICJ.