26 Oct 2015
Meeting Report: Fifth Meeting of the Global Network of R2P Focal Points

On 23 and 24 June 2015 in Madrid, Spain, the governments of Chile and Spain, in association with the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect and The Stanley Foundation, hosted the fifth annual meeting of the Global Network of R2P Focal Points. Senior government representatives from more than 50 countries from all regions of the globe participated in the meeting together with the UN Special Adviser on the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), Dr. Jennifer Welsh.

Sessions of the fifth annual meeting focused upon the theme of "10 Years of the Responsibility to Protect: Responding to New Challenges and Threats to Vulnerable Communities." During the meeting R2P Focal Points assessed what capacities their governments have built nationally and implemented internationally for the prevention of mass atrocities since the adoption of R2P at the 2005 World Summit. R2P Focal Points also discussed strategies for responding to emerging threats, including crimes perpetrated by non-state actors. During these sessions, participants focused on the phenomenon of foreign fighters, besiegement of minority populations and targeted gender-based attacks, including enforced disappearances. Participants closed the meeting by reflecting upon how to deepen ongoing cooperation amongst R2P Focal Points now that the Global Network has expanded to include more than one quarter of the UN membership.

This document provides a summary of key issues discussed in Madrid and practical recommendations on the role R2P Focal Points can play in responding to emerging challenges in the protection of civilians and preventing atrocities perpetrated against vulnerable populations.

The summary was also transmitted to the UN Security Council under the agenda item Threats to International Peace and Security by the Permanent Representatives of Chile and Spain on 22 October 2015 and was issued as Security Council document S/2015/815.