About Us

The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect was established in February 2008 to promote universal acceptance and effective operational implementation of the norm of the "Responsibility to Protect" populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. Through its programs, events and publications, the Global Centre serves as a resource and a forum for governments, international institutions and non-governmental organizations working to protect populations from mass atrocities.

Our History and Mission

The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect seeks to transform the principle of the Responsibility to Protect into a practical guide for action in the face of mass atrocities. The Global Centre was founded by a number of supportive governments, leading figures from the human rights community, as well as by International Crisis Group, Human Rights Watch, Oxfam International, Refugees International, and WFM-Institute for Global Policy.

The Global Centre engages in advocacy around specific crises, conducts research designed to further understanding of R2P, recommends strategies to help states build capacity, and works closely with NGOs, governments and regional bodies which are seeking to operationalize the Responsibility to Protect. The Global Centre has offices in New York and Geneva.


Dr. Simon Adams

Executive Director
+1 212-817-1929

Dr. Simon Adams is Executive Director of the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect.

Dr. Adams has worked extensively with governments and civil society organizations in South Africa, East Timor, Rwanda, and elsewhere. Between 1994 and 2002 Dr. Adams worked with Sinn Féin and former IRA prisoners in support of the Northern Ireland peace process. He is also a former anti-apartheid activist and member of the African National Congress in South Africa. 

Dr. Adams is the author of four books and numerous academic articles with a focus on international conflict. He has also written for the New York Times, Chicago Tribune, The Australian, Huffington Post, International Herald Tribune, O Estado de S. Paulo (Brazil), Los Angeles Times and many other publications. Dr. Adams has appeared as an expert commentator on Al-Jazeera, BBC, ARD (Germany), Chinese Central Television and numerous other media.

Dr. Adams studied at the University of Witswatersrand in South Africa and at the University of New South Wales in Australia, where he received his Ph.D. He is also a graduate of the Executive Leadership Program at the Harvard Business School. Dr. Adams has lectured at a number of international universities. He served as Pro Vice Chancellor (International Engagement) at Monash University, Australia's largest public university, and as Vice President of its South African campus between 2008-2010.

Among his other commitments, Dr. Adams is currently a member of the board of Catalpa International, an East Timorese not-for-profit information technology and development organization. He is Vice Chairman of the International Advisory Board of Skateistan, an award-winning non-profit organization dedicated to using skateboarding to expose Afghan, Cambodian and South African children to educational and leadership development opportunities. Dr. Adams is also a member of the board of NAFSA: Association of International Educators, the world's leading professional association for the promotion of international education.

A PDF version of this bio is available for download: Dr. Simon Adams Biography

For inquiries regarding Dr. Adams' availability, please contact Sarah Hunter.

Savita Pawnday

Deputy Executive Director
+1 212-817-2104

Savita Pawnday leads on all Global Centre programs and fundraising activities and oversees the Global Network of R2P Focal Points. Prior to joining the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, she was a research associate at the Program on States and Security at the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies and taught international politics at City University of New York. Savita has worked in Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi with Catholic Relief Services, in New York with Trickle Up, and in India with Akanksha. She holds a M.A. from Fordham University in political economy and development, with a specialization in political economy of civil wars and a B.A. in Economics from St. Xavier's College, University of Mumbai.

Jaclyn Streitfeld-Hall

Publications Director
+1 212-817-1944

Jaclyn Streitfeld-Hall has editorial oversight for the R2P Monitor and all of the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect's major publications. She also does research on populations at risk of mass atrocities in West Africa and Central Africa. Prior to joining the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, she was a Research Assistant at the Cline Center for Democracy and taught International Relations and Comparative Politics courses at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. She received a B.A. in Political Science and English from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County and an M.A. in Political Science with a specialization in International Relations from the University of Illinois.

Ryan D'Souza

Senior Advocacy and Policy Officer
+1 212-817-1928

Ryan X. D'Souza coordinates the country-specific and thematic advocacy efforts at the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect. He is also the lead researcher on Sudan, South Sudan and Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Prior to joining the Global Centre, Ryan worked as a constituency caseworker for a Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom as well as at the Department of Peacekeeping Operations at the United Nations. Ryan has a keen interest in Middle Eastern affairs after having worked and traveled in various countries across the region. He holds a B.A. from the University of Edinburgh and a M.A. in International Relations from New York University, where he wrote his thesis on "The Arab League and the Responsibility to Protect." He has given talks on mass atrocity prevention at various universities in the United States. Ryan has appeared on Monocle 24 (radio), Vice news and was a consultant for several episodes of the "House of Cards" television series.

Dominique Fraser

Research Analyst
+41 76 438 83 59

Dominique's work focuses on the implementation of the R2P in Geneva. She holds a BA (Honours) in Peace and Conflict Studies from the University of Queensland and is currently completing an MA in International Affairs at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Dominique has a keen interest in conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa, after having worked and traveled in various countries in East Africa. She has published articles on the commission of mass atrocity crimes in Burundi, the Central African Republic and Eritrea, as well as on the causes of genocide. Dominique has worked with and volunteered for various organizations related to conflict and mass atrocity crime prevention, including the Asia-Pacific Centre for the R2P, Geo Expertise, and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. She is fluent in English and German and has a working knowledge of French and Spanish.

Sarah Hunter

Research Analyst
+1 212-817-1929

Sarah conducts research on populations at risk of mass atrocities, focusing on Libya, Eritrea and North Korea (DPRK). She is responsible for the Global Centre's digital media accounts. Furthermore, Sarah coordinates the internship program at the Global Centre. Sarah holds an MA in Diplomacy and International Relations from Seton Hall University, where she concentrated on Human Rights Law and Africa. She also holds a BS in Diplomacy and International Relations from Seton Hall University, where her focus was Russian and Eastern European Studies and Modern Languages.

Nadira Khudayberdieva

Research Analyst


Nadira Khudayberdieva conducts research on 'populations at risk' and her current focus is the situations in Nigeria and Pakistan. She is also involved in fundraising and development activities of the Global Centre. Nadira holds an MSc in Global Governance and Diplomacy from the University of Oxford, where her thesis was on prevention of ethnic conflict, and a B.A. in International Studies from Earlham College. Previously, she worked as a Program Assistant at the Quaker United Nations Office. Nadira is fluent in English and Russian and has a working knowledge of Spanish.

Anna Samulski

Research Analyst
+1 212-817-1943

Anna conducts research on populations at risk of mass atrocities, focusing on Syria and Iraq. She is also involved in fundraising and development activities of the Global Centre. Prior to joining the Global Center, she worked as a campaign and research assistant for Crisis Action, where she supported their campaigns on Burundi, Syria, Yemen, and South Sudan. Anna holds an MA in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter, where she focused on identity politics and political movements in North Africa, and a BA from the University of Edinburgh in Arabic and Persian.

Eli Karetny

Grants Manager
+1 212-817-1938

Eli Karetny manages the Global Centre's grants and financial accounts. After receiving a JD/MBA from Temple University, Eli joined the Peace Corps and served in Ukraine, which is where his parents are from. Eli has an MA in International Relations from New York University and is currently a PhD candidate in Political Science at the CUNY Graduate Center, writing his dissertation on the counter-revolutionary conceptions of freedom and philosophy in the work of Leo Strauss. He teaches political theory and international relations at Baruch College-CUNY.

James Traub

Senior Fellow

James Traub is a contributing writer for The New York Times Magazine, where he has worked since 1998. He has written extensively about international affairs as well as national politics, urban affairs, and education. In recent years, he has reported from among other places, Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Egypt, Iran, Sudan, Guinea Bissau, Congo, Sierra Leone, Angola, Georgia, Kosovo and Haiti. His weekly column on foreign policy, "Terms of Engagement," appears on foreignpolicy.com, the website of Foreign Policy Magazine. His most recent book is The Freedom Agenda: Why America Must Spread Democracy (Just Not The Way Bush Did). In 2006 he published The Best Intentions: Kofi Annan and the UN in the Era of American World Power. He teaches a class on American foreign policy as part of New York University's Sheikh Mohammad Scholarship Program in Abu Dhabi. He is currently writing a biography of John Quincy Adams, to be published by Basic Books. He is also a fellow of the Center on International Cooperation and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Maxime Mariage

+1 212-817-1931

Maxime is a Master Candidate in International Studies at the Québec Institute for Advanced International Studies, Laval University, with a focus on International Relations, during which he had the opportunity to study at the China Foreign Affairs University in Beijing. He has previously completed a Master in International Journalism, with led him to intern as a journalist in Senegal and India. Maxime is fluent in French and English, has working knowledge of Spanish, intermediate knowledge of German and basic knowledge of Chinese, Russian and Arabic.

Elisabeth Pramendorfer

+1 212-817-1932

Elisabeth is a Master Candidate in Human Rights and Humanitarian Action at the Paris School of International Affairs, Sciences Po, with a regional focus on North Africa and the Middle East. She has previous work and research experience in the development and humanitarian sector in London, Brazil and India. Elisabeth is fluent in German and English, has working knowledge of French and basic knowledge of Spanish, Portuguese and Arabic.

Kitt Spengler


Kitt is a Master's Candidate in International Security and Law at the University of Southern Denmark with a focus on the Middle East. She has previous experience from Israel in the field of human rights law. Kitt is fluent in Danish and English, and has basic knowledge of German and Spanish.

International Advisory Board

The distinguished International Advisory Board provides advice on strategy, policy and management. Its members include policymakers, diplomats and academics, as well as leaders from the international human rights community.


IAB Members

Hon. Gareth Evans


Hon. Gareth Evans AO QC is Chancellor of the Australian National University and Honorary Professorial Fellow at The University of Melbourne. He serves as Co-Chair of the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, and is President Emeritus of the International Crisis Group which he led from 2000 to 2009. He previously spent 21 years in Australian politics — thirteen of them as a Cabinet Minister — including eight years as Foreign Minister (1988-96). He has written or edited nine books — most recently The Responsibility to Protect: Ending Mass Atrocity Crimes Once and for All (2008). Gareth Evans has served on numerous blue ribbon panels, including the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (2001) famous for creating the principle of the responsibility to protect, and the UN Secretary General's High Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change (2004). He is the recipient of the 2010 Four Freedoms Award for Freedom from Fear, granted by the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute/Roosevelt Stichting for his pioneering work on the Responsibility to Protect, and his contributions to conflict prevention and resolution, arms control and disarmament.

Mohamed Sahnoun


Mohamed Sahnoun is the founder and chair of the Caux Forum for Human Security, and former President of Initiatives of Change-International. He has a distinguished diplomatic career, serving as Deputy Secretary-General of both the Organization of African Unity and the League of Arab States, and as Algeria's Ambassador to Morocco, the United States, France, and Germany. Mr. Sahnoun has represented the United Nations in numerous positions since 1992, and is currently a Special Adviser to the Secretary-General. He was Co-Chair of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS).

Francis M. Deng

His Excellency Francis Deng served as the Permanent Representative of South Sudan to the United Nations from 2012 - 2016. Mr. Deng completed his five-year term of office as Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide on 31 July 2012. From 2006 to 2007, Mr. Deng served as Director of the Sudan Peace Support Project based at the United States Institute of Peace. He was also a Wilhelm Fellow at the Center for International Studies of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and a Research Professor of International Politics, Law and Society at Johns Hopkins University Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. Before joining MIT, Mr. Deng was a Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the John Kluge Center of the Library of Congress.

Mr. Deng served as Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General on Internally Displaced Persons from 1992 to 2004, and from 2002 to 2003 was also a Senior Fellow at the U.S. Institute of Peace. Mr. Deng served as Human Rights Officer in the UN secretariat from 1967 to 1972 and as the Ambassador of Sudan to Canada, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden and the United States. He also served as Sudan's Minister of State for Foreign Affairs.

Edward C. Luck

Dr. Edward C. Luck is currently the Arnold A. Salzman Professor of Professional Practice in International and Public Affairs; Director, Specialization in International Conflict Resolution; School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University. A highly regarded United Nations official since 2008, Dr. Luck served as the Assistant Secretary-General and Special Adviser to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. In this role, he has been responsible for the conceptual, political and institutional/operational development of the Responsibility to Protect doctrine, a plan to galvazine national and international action to prevent atrocity crimes and their incitement. From 2007 to 2011, Dr. Luck was at the International Peace Institute, an independent policy research institute, where he began as a Visiting Senior Fellow and left as the Senior Vice President, Research and Programs.

Frank Majoor

His Excellency Frank Majoor is the Permanent Representative of the Netherlands on the North Atlantic Council. From 2005-2009 he served as the Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the United Nations in New York. He was the Secretary General of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague between 2000 and 2005. From 1999 until 2000 he was Ambassador at Large in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Ambassador Majoor was appointed as the Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, Switzerland from 1997-1999. Ambassador Majoor started his career at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1976, his long career at the Ministry has also has also included positions as Deputy Director and Director of the Security Policy Department.

Edward Mortimer

Edward Mortimer is Senior Vice-President and Chief Program Officer at the Salzburg Global Seminar. From 1998 to 2006 he served as chief speechwriter and (from 2001) as director of communications to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. He has spent much of his career as a journalist, first with The Times of London, and later with the Financial Times. He has also served as a fellow and/or faculty at several institutions, including Oxford University, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the International Institute of Strategic Studies, among others; and on the governing bodies of several non-governmental organizations, including Chatham House, the Institute of War and Peace Reporting, and Minority Rights Group International. Mr. Mortimer received an M.A. in modern history from Oxford University. His writings include: "People, Nation, State: The Meaning of Ethnicity and Nationalism" (co-edited with R. Fine 1999), "The World that FDR Built" (1989), "Faith and Power: "The Politics of Islam" (1982). In the UK's 2010 New Year Honours he was awarded a CMG for services to international communications and journalism.

Randy Newcomb

Randy Newcomb is President and CEO of Humanity United, a foundation dedicated to building peace and advancing human freedom. Previously, Mr. Newcomb was a Vice President of Omidyar Network, and he served for 14 years as Executive Director of Golden Gate Community Inc. Mr. Newcomb was a Fellow at the Center for Social Innovation at Stanford University and an International Development Fellow at the University of Bath, England. He holds a Doctor of Education from the University of San Francisco and a Master of Science degree in development economics from the University of Bath.

Gert Rosenthal

His Excellency Gert Rosenthal is currently the Chair of the Advisory Group of Experts on the Review of the UN Peacebuilding Architecture. He served as Guatemala's Permanent Representative to the UN from 1998 to 2014. Prior to taking up that position, he served on the Follow-up Commission of the Guatemalan Peace Accords. From 1988 to 1997, he was Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). He joined that United Nations regional commission in 1974 as Director of its Mexico office, and in 1987 was appointed its Deputy Executive Secretary.

Mr. Rosenthal held various positions in Guatemala's national public administration since joining its Secretariat of Economic Planning in 1960. From 1969 to 1971, and again in 1973 through 1974 he was Minister of Planning. Between 1969 and 1970, he was the Secretary-General of his country's National Council for Economic Planning.

Darian Swig

Darian Swig is the President of Article 3 Advisors, a consulting practice that works at the nexus of human rights and strategic philanthropy. Prior to 2001, Darian worked for over a decade in the field of international protocol and consular corps relations. Darian currently serves on the International Board of Human Rights Watch (HRW) and is on the advisory boards of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard University, the Human Rights Center at the University of California and the HRW Africa Advisory Committee. She is Chair of the HRW Northern California Committee and also serves as a member of the Pacific Council on International Policy, International Human Rights Funders Group, Global Philanthropy Forum, Clinton Global Initiative and The Philanthropy Workshop West. Darian is a past trustee of the World Affairs Council, Commonwealth Club, USA for UNHCR (the UN Refugee Agency) and a founding board member of Genocide Intervention Network. Darian holds dual Masters degrees in Political Science and International Area Studies with an emphasis on human rights policy and mass atrocity crimes from the University of California at Berkeley.

John Torpey

Dr. John Torpey is Professor of Sociology and History at the Graduate Center, City University of New York, and Director of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies at the Graduate Center. He is the author or editor of eight books: Intellectuals, Socialism, and Dissent: The East German Opposition and its Legacy (1995); The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship, and the State (2000); Documenting Individual Identity: The Development of State Practices in the Modern World (edited with Jane Caplan; Princeton: Princeton UP, 2001); Politics and the Past: On Repairing Historical Injustices (2004); Old Europe, New Europe, Core Europe: Transatlantic Relations after the Iraq War (2005), Making Whole What Has Been Smashed: On Reparations Politics (2006); The Post-Secular in Question (2012); and, with Christian Joppke, Legal Integration of Islam: A Transatlantic Comparison (2013). He is on the editorial board of Theory and Society and the Journal of Human Rights, and edits a series for Temple University Press titled "Politics, History, and Social Change."

Jennifer Welsh

Dr. Jennifer M. Welsh is Professor and Chair in International Relations at the European University Institute and a Fellow of Somerville College, University of Oxford.

She was previously a Professor in International Relations at the University of Oxford, and co-director of the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict. In 2013, she was appointed by the UN Secretary General to serve as his Special Adviser on the Responsibility to Protect, a position she held until March 2016.

Professor Welsh is a former Jean Monnet Fellow of the European University Institute, and a Cadieux Research Fellow in the Policy Planning Staff of the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs. She is the author, co-author, and editor of several books and articles on humanitarian intervention, the evolution of the notion of the 'responsibility to protect' in international society, the UN Security Council, and Canadian foreign policy. She was the Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Massey College (University of Toronto) in 2005, and a 2006 recipient of a Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship and a Trudeau Fellowship. In 2014, she began directing a five-year ERC-funded project on the 'Individualization of War'.

Professor Welsh sits on the editorial boards of the journals Global Responsibility to Protect and Ethics and International Affairs, on the steering committee of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences project on Ethics, Technology and War, and on the Advisory Board of the Peace Research Institute in Frankfurt. She has a BA from the University of Saskatchewan (Canada), and a Masters and Doctorate from the University of Oxford (where she studied as a Rhodes Scholar).


Kofi Annan

Kofi A. Annan was the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations, serving two terms from 1 January 1997 to 31 December 2006 and was the first to emerge from the ranks of United Nations staff. In 2001 Kofi Annan and the United Nations were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. From February through August 2012 he was the UN-Arab League envoy to Syria.

Lloyd Axworthy

Lloyd Axworthy is President and Vice Chancellor of the University of Winnipeg. He served for twenty-one years as a member of parliament, including as Canada's Foreign Minister from 1995 to 2000. At the end of this term, Canada launched ICISS. He also worked to advance the human security concept, in particular, the global treaty banning anti-personnel landmines.

Roméo Dallaire

LGen The Honourable Roméo A. Dallaire, (Ret'd), Senator, has had a distinguished career in the Canadian military, achieving the rank of Lieutenant-General and becoming Assistant Deputy Minister (Human Resources) in the Department of National Defence in 1998. In 1994, General Dallaire commanded the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR).

He is a senior fellow at the Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies at Concordia University and author of "Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda."

Jan Eliasson

Jan Eliasson is currently the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations. He previously served as the president of the United Nations General Assembly and served as foreign minister of Sweden (2006), state secretary for foreign affairs (1994-2000), and Sweden's ambassador to the United Nations. He is also formerly the United Nations Secretary-General's special envoy for Darfur.

Lee Hamilton

Lee Hamilton is the director of The Center on Congress at Indiana University. He served as president and director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars from 1999 through 2010. Before then he served in the House of Representatives for 34 years, and served as co-chair of the Iraq Study Group and vice-chair of the 9/11 Commission. He was a member of ICISS.

David Hamburg

David Hamburg served as the eleventh president of the Carnegie Corporation of New York (1982-1997). Hamburg was a founder and co-chair of the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, and the founder of the Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology and Government.

Prince El Hassan bin Talal

Prince Hassan, brother of the late King Hussein, served as Crown Prince of Jordan from 1965-1999. He is president of the Club of Rome, chair of the Independent Bureau for Humanitarian Issues, and member of the Board of Trustees of the International Crisis Group. He served as co-chair of the Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues (1983-1987).

Sadako Ogata

Sadako Ogata was president of the Japan International Cooperation Agency and was UN High Commissioner for Refugees (1991-2000). She was chairman of the Executive Board of UNICEF and minister plenipotentiary at the Japanese Permanent Mission. From 1982 to 1985 she represented Japan on the UN Commission on Human Rights. She was co-chair of the Commission on Human Security (2002-2003).

Fidel V. Ramos

Fidel V. Ramos was president of the Philippines (1992-1998). Previously, he served as Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and later as Secretary of National Defense in the administration of President Corazon Aquino. He is the founder and chairman of The Ramos Peace and Development Foundation.

Mary Robinson

Mary Robinson is the founder and served as a chair of Realizing Rights: the Ethical Globalization Initiative. She is also a member of The Elders. She is the former President of Ireland (1990-1997) and has served as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (1997-2002).

Desmond Tutu

Desmond Tutu is a founder, along with Nelson Mandela and Graça Machel, of The Elders. He served as chair of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1984.


Since 2007, the Global Centre has received generous financial support from various parties. To donate and help support the work of the Global Centre please contact Savita Pawnday.


The Netherlands
Republic of Korea
United Kingdom


Arsenault Family Foundation
Carnegie Corporation of New York
Humanity United
Open Society Foundations
The David and Anita Keller Foundation
The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
The Stanley Foundation
and other family foundations


Scott and Elena Lawlor
Darian and Rick Swig
Kathleen and Theodore Janus